Hypertension Treatment Specialist Questions and Answers
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Blood pumps through our veins and arteries nonstop, providing oxygenated blood to the limbs, organs, and tissues. When the heart beats, it exerts a pressure on the arterial walls known as systolic pressure. When the heart relaxes, the pressure on the arterial walls is known as diastolic. There are a number of medical conditions and lifestyle factors that can lead to high blood pressure, which, although usually symptomless, can be very dangerous.
Hypertension is one of the most common conditions in the world and fortunately, doctors have a good understanding of how to treat it. A doctor may prescribe:
– Diet and Lifestyle Changes
Getting enough rest is also an essential way to reduce blood pressure and has many positive effects on the body, such as reducing stress, minimizing food cravings, and reducing the change of misusing drugs or alcohol.
Hypertension is a very treatable condition and responds well to several forms of treatment. One of the best ways to lower high blood pressure right away is through appropriate lifestyle modifications. These include:
– Weight Loss: Weight loss has shown to be the most effective way of reducing blood pressure as being overweight or obese can increase the risk of high blood pressure.
– Daily Exercises: Daily exercise is an excellent way to burn fat, lose weight, and reduce high blood pressure. Exercising for 30 minutes every day can reduce blood pressure by approximately 5-8 mmHg.
– Reduce Sodium Intake: While the recommended daily intake of sodium is 2,300 mg (with an optimal limit of less than 1,500 mg for those with high blood pressure), most Americans consume about 3,400 mg of sodium a day.
– Eat Healthy: Avoiding foods that contain a high amount of sodium, saturated fats, and cholesterol can help stop or prevent hypertension.
– Increase Potassium Intake: Because it regulates the heart rate and nullifies the effect of sodium in the body, adding more potassium to the diet can help reduce blood pressure. Potassium-rich foods include:
– Fruits such as bananas, melons, avocados, apricots
– Green leafy vegetables including spinach and kale
– Vegetables such as potatoes and sweet potatoes
– Tuna and salmon
– Nuts and seeds
– Abstain from Heavy Alcohol Drinking: Alcohol in moderation does not do much harm to the body, but excessive drinking, including binge drinking, can negatively impact health and increase blood pressure.
– Quit Smoking: Cigarette smoking can increase blood pressure, among other health concerns. Cutting down on smoking helps the blood pressure return to normal and also regulates other bodily functions advantageous to one’s wellbeing.
– Avoid Excess Stress: Stress hormones or cortisol constrict the blood vessels and can lead to temporary spikes in blood pressure; it can also result in overeating, poor sleep, and misusing drugs and alcohol.
– Regular Monitoring of Blood Pressure at Home: Monitoring blood pressure at home avoids unnecessary stress that may occur in a clinic setting and allows people to stay on top of their health.
The most common treatments for hypertension are medications and lifestyle changes. Medications include:
– Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
– Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
– Calcium channel blockers
– Renin inhibitors
– Combination medications
Lifestyle changes include:
– Losing weight
– Quitting smoking
– Eating healthy foods
– Reducing sodium intake
– Getting regular aerobic exercise
– Maintaining a healthy weight
– Limiting alcohol consumption
– Reducing stress
If you have hypertension, come to Family First Medical Group for top-rated treatment today. Our medical professionals are experienced at treating hypertension and can help you lower your blood pressure through lifestyle changes and appropriate medications. Call us today to book an appointment for hypertension treatment, or visit one of our two convenient locations in Evergreen Park, IL, or Mokena, IL. We look forward to serving you! We serve patients from Evergreen Park IL, Mokena IL, Oak Lawn IL, Hickory Hills IL, Chicago Ridge IL, Bridgeview IL, Bedford Park IL as well as many other areas in the Chicagoland Region.